Strontium fluoride, also known as strontium fluoride and strontium (III) fluoride, is a trace element that is naturally occurring. It is a very important trace element that is needed by the human body for proper bones and teeth development. It helps in the regeneration of cells in bones. It is an essential element required for the normal activity of many other metabolic processes like protein synthesis, degradation and peptide synthesis. It aids in the growth of new blood vessels, strengthens connective tissue, improves skin tone, enhances the production of new teeth, and helps in the process of tooth development.
As a bioactive ingredient, strontium fluoride serves as an anti-microbial, anti-tumor, anti-viral, anti-oxidant, anti-fungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-cancer compound. Apart from these, it also serves as an antiseptic, analgesic, photoprotection, and photodynamic agents. In addition, strontium fluoride is used as a dental substitute for calcium fluoride and other calcium salts. It is used as an educational resource as it is available in various forms such as tablets, gel, suppositories, drops, and oral drops.
The physical properties of strontium fluoride are quite similar to that of silver fluoride (SAP) as it is soluble in water and non-toxic. Its ability to diffuse into the environment and decrease in the concentration in the drinking water supplies is one of its important physical properties. Its optical and electrical properties are nearly the same as those of silver and therefore it can be applied as an additive to prevent corrosion of automotive and other metal parts. Moreover, strontium fluoride can be used as a topical treatment for curing and protecting chipped or broken teeth.
Strontium fluoride is commonly used in toothpastes and mouthwashes. These products neutralize acidic compounds present in the oral cavity through a process called photo-discharge. It has the ability to bring about a faster removal of plaque formed on the teeth. It is widely used in the treatment of periodontitis as it has been proven to be effective in eradicating the root cause of the condition.
As mentioned earlier, strontium fluoride is toxic when swallowed or inhaled. This is because it is an insoluble compound. Once inhaled or ingested, it immediately reacts with the proteins found in human eyes and skin. In such a case, the compound interacts with oxygen and other gases resulting in corrosion of the cells and damaging the red blood cells in the eye. The compound is also capable of causing allergic reactions in certain individuals. Such allergic reactions may include watering of the eyes and skin, nausea, vomiting, and swelling of the face and throat.
Astrontium-90 radioisotope is a safe, low-cost, and reliable source of energy in medical and scientific applications. The combination of strontium fluoride and this rare radioisotope makes for one efficient and versatile product. The combination is very useful in hospitals, research facilities, and laboratories. For example, strontium fluoride-90 is used in combination with carbon dioxide to produce a stable brownish-yellow luminescent dosimeter crystal. The device can measure carbon dioxide levels of up to 0.1% and temperature.