Osteotome is a tool used specifically for preparing or cutting the bone. Osteotomes somewhat like a chisel but veered slightly off on both ends. They’re used extensively in dental implantation, cosmetic surgery, physical therapy, and plastic surgery. An osteotome (or osteoderm) is a specialized tool for removing or preparing the bone for dental implants. An osteotomy is when the osteotome and apical bone are removed to allow for easy placement of a dental implant. The process of removing the osteotomy usually requires general anesthesia or IV. Other specific types of an osteotomy include periosteal, which is the most common form of osteotomy, and mixed or generalized. There are several different kinds of osteotomes. They can be periosteal, mixed, or generalized. The shape of an osteotome varies depending on the function it performs. The basic parts of an osteotome are the head and body of the piece, the cartilage, and the cortex, which are the outer protective layer of the bone tissue.
Different Types of Osteotome Placement
To perform an osteotomy, the dental surgeon makes an incision into the gum or face at the base of the skull. Usually, one or more incisions are made to allow better visualization of the oral cavity and nerves. Once the osteotome has been obtained from the patient the surgeon closes the incisions with sutures. The osteotomy is completed by making a small cut in the edentulous site where the dental implants will be inserted. The osteotome functions as a sort of straightening device to make the jaw angle at a 90-degree angle, allowing the insertion of the dental implants. One kind of osteotome called the osteoderm is responsible for the attachment and migration of new bone growth. The osteoderm is a ball-shaped building that contains numerous cells. When the osteoderm is exerted on the facial bones by an activity of the jaw, the cells which are contained within it start to migrate towards the bone they are attached to, causing an increase of bone density. This results in a straightening of the bone and distortion of the facial structure, such as the prominent overbite and underbite. An osteotome also has the ability to prevent facial bones from over-extending. A bone implant, such as an osteotome, will allow more space between the bone and the tissue of the face. This will compensate for the naturally shortening of the bones, resulting in less facial deformation and less noticeable scarring.