Key Components of Well-Being
Health, as defined by the World Health Organization, is ‘a state of full physical, mental and emotional well-being’. A number of definitions have also been used over the years for various purposes. One of them is that ‘health’ is a ‘condition of the body in its entire capacity’. It includes aspects such as the capacity for the body to adapt to external stresses, ability to heal and maintain optimal health, maintenance of physiological balance, resistance to diseases and optimum functioning of the immune system.
The determinants of health include sociodemographic factors, personal characteristics, medical history, environmental exposures, and individual behavior (such as smoking, obesity, diet, exercise, and social patterns). The determinants may be age, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, family history, and some others. Age is one of the important determinants of health services. As an example, older people who are healthy and active may be encouraged to take part in various programs aimed at promoting good health. Some health problems, such as obesity and diabetes, may affect people of all ages, but they usually become more problematic as a person gets older. This is why health services for the older generation are often targeted at improving their lifestyle and preventing conditions such as these from developing.
Socio-economic factors are considered as among the most important determinants of health services. A higher income means a person is capable of purchasing health services. On the other hand, low income and poverty can mean limited access to needed health care and greater individual behavior related to health. Poor public health can lead to increased rates of heart disease, hypertension, and certain types of cancer.
The management of diseases and prevention of morbidity can be done through interventions aimed at improving the determinants of health. A well-managed public health program includes a multi-pronged approach. Prevention and early detection are key aspects of this approach. Community-based strategies such as community-based organizations, neighborhood organizations, and religious and cultural activities are examples of well-known interventions designed to improve public health.
There are also some aspects of health services that are affected by the individual behavior of the patient. These include the ability to choose one’s partner and place of employment, the motivation to eat healthy and exercise, and the satisfaction one has with life. All these factors can influence the overall well-being of an individual. In addition, the way an individual values his or her social connections and interactions can also influence the quality of his or her life. An active, healthy, and socially satisfied life course is linked with a high quality of health status.
Managing disease and improving the determinants of health requires that the entire community work together. This can have a significant social impact, as well as economic, spiritual, and emotional implications. One important aspect of improving the determinants of health is the education of the general public on the prevention and early detection of diseases and other health problems. Public awareness promotes the participation of individuals in decision-making regarding health, as well as their active participation in community organizations. The increase in the social status and cultural diversity of a society boosts the promotion of well-being. This can be achieved through better nutrition and more active participation in community events and organizations.