Attached Gingiva, Gingivitis or the gum disease is an inflammation of the gums and surrounding area surrounding it, which is known as the attached gingiva. The attached gingiva is close to the gum tissue and is firmly attached to the jaw bone. It may range in length from approximately 3-8 mm. In children, the disease is called gingivitis amenities and is found more commonly in boys than girls. The period of inflammation generally begins at the age of 20 years. In the normal process, the bacteria called tartaric acid is secreted from the cells of the anterior part of the oral cavity. As a result of this secretion of the tartaric acid, the bacteria attach to the alveolar mucosa, which is the mucosal lining that surrounds the tooth. At this stage, the alveolar mucosa is warm and moist, which allows easy entry of the bacteria into the tooth and its surrounding tissues. The condition is known as alveolar papillitis.
In this condition, the attached gingiva develops a thickening at the base of the alveolar mucosa. This thickened gingival tissue starts narrowing the alveolar mucosa and obstructs the passage of saliva, which is essential for the smooth function of the dental tissues. It results in tooth decay. In children, this results in periodontal disease. In adults, it results in periodontitis, a disease that affects the tissues surrounding the teeth. The attachment of the bacteria to the alveolar mucosa prevents the passage of saliva and prevents the breakdown of the tooth surface. However, when the tooth has developed a cavity or any other abnormality at its base, the attached gingiva starts developing inflammation, which causes the tooth to recede from the gingival junction. This results in tooth loss.
Periodontal Disease – An Overview
The causes and effects of this condition are widely known. The most important thing is the change in the physiological characteristics of the underlying alveolar bone that occurs at the time of tooth formation. During the formation of the first teeth, the gums form a shallow groove at the base of the tooth. The alveolar mucosa forms a thin layer on top of the alveolar bone during the time of formation of teeth. When this process occurs, the width of the attached gingiva increases and the alveolar mucosa is pushed to a narrow region above the teeth, which causes periodontal disease. The condition occurs when the alveolar bone enlarges slightly beyond the periodontal groove, which causes an increase in periodontal pockets and ultimately periodontal pockets. The pockets fill with debris, which irritates the gums and causes periodontal disease. The change in the width of attached alveolar mucosa, which occurs at the time of formation of teeth, also contributes to periodontal disease. Therefore, it is important to check whether there is an appropriate alignment between the teeth and the gums when one is brushing and deciding on a fluoride mouthwash. Moreover, it is necessary to visit your dentist regularly for maintenance and treatment of the attached interdental gingival and free gingiva.