Antibiotic Prophylaxis Or Premedication for Periodontitis
Antibiotic Prophylaxis or Premedication as it is also known is the administration of medication to a patient prior to the application of a toothbrush or dental floss in order to avert the development of tooth decay. This preventive measure was introduced in the year 1940 in Great Britain. It is a simple process and has been found to be very effective in maintaining good oral health. A toothbrush or dental floss with an anti-plaque or antiseptic property will remove the food particles that may cause decay of the tooth.
The purpose of antibiotic prophylaxis is to prevent the occurrence of infection that can lead to other diseases. Amongst the many benefits, it prevents the occurrence of sepsis or infection that can occur due to an infected heart valve, which can be life threatening. It also prevents the occurrence of kidney infections and thus helps in preventing the spread of kidney infections to other parts of the body. Kidney diseases can prove to be extremely dangerous, as they attack the heart valves leading to the replacement of the heart, which causes death.
As the name suggests, antibacterial prophylaxis or premedication involves administration of medicine to a patient before the application of a dental floss or brush to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria. These bacteria can multiply rapidly in the absence of oxygen. It multiplies at an astounding rate, especially when left untreated. These bacteria eventually develop into dangerous pathogenic colonies, which can spread through the bloodstream. Antibiotic prophylaxis kills these harmful bacteria.
There are two ways in which these antibiotics kill harmful bacteria. Either the antibiotics put in contact with the teeth or the oral cavity to affect the local organisms. In the case of oral bacteria, common oral antibiotics such as tetracycline are used, whereas in the case of bacteria that grow in the local area, the use of systemic antibiotics is recommended. Therefore, even if you have a cavity filled with plaque, it is not necessary to visit your dentist for antibiotic prophylaxis. You can do this yourself by applying these antibiotics directly to the affected area, especially to the teeth.
However, you need to know that while killing bacteria, antibiotic prophylaxis can also destroy healthy bacteria that act as a beneficial effect in fighting plaque. Therefore, if you use antibiotics to treat your periodontal disease, you might destroy other healthy bacteria that act as a protective measure. This will ultimately result in the destruction of your periodontal joints. For this reason, it is advisable to take antibiotics only in accordance with the instructions given to you by the dentist, and stop the use of antibiotics prior to having any orthopedic implants inserted into the mouth or on the affected areas.
There are certain dental procedures that can be considered as indications for the use of antibiotics. Therefore, before you undergo any such procedure, you need to ensure that the dentist has advised you in advance. This will help you avoid having any of the consequences discussed above. If you have any doubts about the necessity of antibiotic prophylaxis, you can ask your physician for a clarification.